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Pre-Industrial Societies

Pre-Industrial Societies PDF Author: Patricia Crone
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1780748043
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 214

Book Description
Eminent historian Patricia Crone defines the common features of a wide range of pre-industrial societies, from locations as seemingly disparate as the Mongol Empire and pre-Columbian America, to cultures as diverse as the Ming Dynasty and seventeenth-century France. In a lucid exploration of the characteristics shared by these societies, the author examines such key elements as economic organization, politics, culture, and the role of religion. An essential introductory text for all students of history, Pre-Industrial Societies provides readers with all the necessary tools for gaining a substantial understanding of life in pre-modern times. In addition, as a perceptive insight into a lost world, italso acts as a starting point for anyone interested in the present possibilities and future challenges faced by our own global society.

Pre-Industrial Societies

Pre-Industrial Societies PDF Author: Patricia Crone
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1780748043
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 214

Book Description
Eminent historian Patricia Crone defines the common features of a wide range of pre-industrial societies, from locations as seemingly disparate as the Mongol Empire and pre-Columbian America, to cultures as diverse as the Ming Dynasty and seventeenth-century France. In a lucid exploration of the characteristics shared by these societies, the author examines such key elements as economic organization, politics, culture, and the role of religion. An essential introductory text for all students of history, Pre-Industrial Societies provides readers with all the necessary tools for gaining a substantial understanding of life in pre-modern times. In addition, as a perceptive insight into a lost world, italso acts as a starting point for anyone interested in the present possibilities and future challenges faced by our own global society.

Law and Commerce in Pre-Industrial Societies

Law and Commerce in Pre-Industrial Societies PDF Author: Barry Hawk
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004306226
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 349

Book Description
Legal and informal institutions were developed to secure persons and property, resolve commercial disputes, raise capital and share risk, promote fair dealing, regulate agents and gather market information. Law and Commerce in Pre-Industrial Societies examines commerce, its participants and these institutions through the lens of nine pre-industrial societies from hunter/gatherers to 18th century Qing merchants.

Old People in Three Industrial Societies

Old People in Three Industrial Societies PDF Author:
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202367584
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages : 478

Book Description
"Robert and Helen Lynd's Middletown set the format in sociological theory and practice for hundreds of studies in the decades following its publication in 1929. Old People in Three Industrial Societies may well set similar standards for studies in its fi eld for many years to come. In addition to achieving a signifi cant breakthrough in the progress of socio logical research techniques, the book offers a monumental cross-cultural exposition of the health, family relationships, and social and economic status of the aged in three countries-the United States, Britain, and Denmark."--Provided by publisher.

Agricultural and Pastoral Landscapes in Pre-Industrial Society

Agricultural and Pastoral Landscapes in Pre-Industrial Society PDF Author: Fèlix Retamero
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 1782970142
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280

Book Description
Through a series of case studies, this third volume in the Earth series deals with the technological constraints and innovations that enabled societies to survive and thrive across a range of environmental conditions. The contributions are structured into three sections to draw out particular commonalities and contrasts in the choices made by pre-industrial communities in the construction of varied landscapes and cultural heritage: Landnam, from the Old Norse for ‘taking of land’, deals with colonisation, including the drivers and processes through which colonisers developed an understanding of the productive potential and limitations of their new lands. Fields and field systems: Field-walls are a distinctive and apparently timeless characteristic of many pre-industrial farming landscapes but they present many the challenges to their study, such as the effects of ploughing, abandonment and land-use change and of urban development in fertile lowland zones which may eradicate, reduce or conceal past systems of land-use and division. The importance of indirect and proxy evidence is illustrated and the value of interdisciplinary and modelling approaches emphasised. Agro-pastoralism: focuses on the complex ‘time-space adaptations’ devised for managing cultivation and livestock production, particularly the need to prevent stock incursions into arable fields during the growing season whilst making effective use of seasonal grazing resources. The contributions focus on mountainous areas, where temporary migrations, in the form of transhumance, provided access to a diversity of resources based around seasonal constraints on their availability and productivity.

Profane Death in Burial Practices of a Pre-Industrial Society: A study from Silesia

Profane Death in Burial Practices of a Pre-Industrial Society: A study from Silesia PDF Author: Pawel Duma
Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789690900
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 134

Book Description
This book discusses phenomena characteristic of funeral practices of the pre-industrial society of Silesia (Poland). The author explores specific groups of people and the places they were interred, supplementing the study with analysis of the results of archaeological research, which mainly involved fieldwork carried out at former execution sites.

Pre-Industrial Societies

Pre-Industrial Societies PDF Author: Patricia Crone
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISBN: 9780631156628
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 214

Book Description
One would not normally expect students of biology to dissect frogs without prior knowledge of frog anatomy; yet students of history are regularly expected to analyse pre-modern institutions and events without any prior knowledge whatsoever of the general anatomy of pre-industrial societies. Gifted students will often acquire considerable knowledge of their particular areas - own individual frogs, so to speak - but the extent to which these conform to or depart from a common pattern remains unknown to them, a fact which seriously limits their capacity for interpretation. What goes for students goes for non-academic readers too. They have at their disposal a mountain of historical works written at every conceivable level of popularization and specialization. But most of these works are devoted to specific historical phenomena, or at most to a comparison between two or three; and those which attempt more general surveys tend to be either inordinately long or else inordinately abstract. Where does one turn for a brief summary of the ground-rules? A bluffer's guide to the behaviour of pre-modern societies does not seem to be available. What this book attempts is precisely that: to offer a bluffer's guide to the nature of pre-industrial societies, or more precisely to pre-industrial societies of the complex type (omitting primitive societies whose nature, again, is different). It sketches out the general anatomy of all such societies without attempting a full description of any one; and it is neither excessively long nor (it is hoped) excessively abstract. Armed with this book, the reader ought to find the specific cultures, societies, institutions and events of pre-industrial history considerable less puzzling than they are when approached directly.

Coping with Crisis: The Resilience and Vulnerability of Pre-Industrial Settlements

Coping with Crisis: The Resilience and Vulnerability of Pre-Industrial Settlements PDF Author: Daniel R. Curtis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317159640
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 404

Book Description
Why in the pre-industrial period were some settlements resilient and stable over the long term while other settlements were vulnerable to crisis? Indeed, what made certain human habitations more prone to decline or even total collapse, than others? All pre-industrial societies had to face certain challenges: exogenous environmental hazards such as earthquakes or plagues, economic or political hazards from ’outside’ such as warfare or expropriation of property, or hazards of their own-making such as soil erosion or subsistence crises. How then can we explain why some societies were able to overcome or negate these problems, while other societies proved susceptible to failure, as settlements contracted, stagnated, were abandoned, or even disappeared entirely? This book has been stimulated by the questions and hypotheses put forward by a recent ’disaster studies’ literature - in particular, by placing the intrinsic arrangement of societies at the forefront of the explanatory framework. Essentially it is suggested that the resilience or vulnerability of habitation has less to do with exogenous crises themselves, but on endogenous societal responses which dictate: (a) the extent of destruction caused by crises and the capacity for society to protect itself; and (b) the capacity to create a sufficient recovery. By empirically testing the explanatory framework on a number of societies between the Middle Ages and the nineteenth century in England, the Low Countries, and Italy, it is ultimately argued in this book that rather than the protective functions of the state or the market, or the implementation of technological innovation or capital investment, the most resilient human habitations in the pre-industrial period were those than displayed an equitable distribution of property and a well-balanced distribution of power between social interest groups. Equitable distributions of power and property were the underlying conditions in pre-industrial societies that all

Post-Industrial Society

Post-Industrial Society PDF Author: Julia Kovalchuk
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030597393
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 281

Book Description
This book offers a critical and comparative understanding of post-industrial development, highlighting the driving forces and limitations, strategies, sources of funding, tools and technologies for its implementation. It presents the results of research on the formation and functioning of post-industrial development institutions in developed countries and developing countries as integral elements of the national innovation system, and implementation of economic modernization and transformation of business models taking into account contradictions between modern productive forces and getting out of date production relations. This book also explores the widespread impact of new technologies on various areas of modern society, which is often impaired by its conservatism. Comprising contributions from experts across various disciplines including economics, public administration, law, and psychology, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the opportunities and challenges associated with the modern development of society, production, and consumption. It is a book with appeal to scholars and students of economics, business and public administration, interested in post-industrial development in developed and developing countries, and the specifics of implementing strategies for technological improvement in industry and the service sector.

Decoding the Cultural Stereotypes About Aging

Decoding the Cultural Stereotypes About Aging PDF Author: Evelyn M. O'Reilly
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135664862
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 140

Book Description
This collection will present works that offer illuminating perspectives on the remarkably diverse Asian American populations of the United States. As a population that is neither black nor white, the range of experiences of these groups, many of whom arrived as refugees, presents other perspectives on the cultural mosaic that constitutes the United States. Studies of Asian Americans sheds light on issues related to immigration, refugee policy, transnationalism, return migration, cultural citizenship, ethnic communities, community building, identity and group formation, panethnicity, race relations, gender and class, entrepreneurship, employment, representation, politics, adaptation, and acculturation. The writings in this collection are drawn from a wide variety of disciplines to provide a broad and informative array of insights on these fascinating and diverse populations.

Understanding Industrial Society

Understanding Industrial Society PDF Author: Robin Theobald
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1349232254
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 166

Book Description
This text introduces the reader to a sociological perspective on industrial society, aimed at students (both within and outside the social sciences) who seek a general understanding of the social consequences of economic change. Since it assumes that most of its readers will end up working in management, the book focuses upon the business enterprise and social relationships within it, aiming to provide a general background which will lay the foundations for more detailed study of organisational processes and the problems of management.