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Corn Crusade

Corn Crusade PDF Author: Aaron T. Hale-Dorrell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190644699
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 264

Book Description
Corn Crusade: Khrushchev's Farming Revolution in the Post-Stalin Soviet Union is the first history of Nikita Khrushchev's venture to cover the Soviet Union in corn, a crop common globally but hitherto rare in his country. Lasting from 1953 until 1964, this crusade was an emblematic component of his efforts to resolve agrarian crises inherited from Joseph Stalin. Using policies and propaganda to pressure farms to expand corn plantings tenfold, Khrushchev expected the resulting bounty to feed not people, but the livestock necessary to produce the meat and dairy products required to make good on his frequent pledges that the Soviet Union was soon to "catch up to and surpass America." This promised to enrich citizens' hitherto monotonous diets and score a victory in the Cold War, which was partly recast as a "peaceful competition" between communism and capitalism. Khrushchev's former comrades derided corn as one of his "harebrained schemes" when ousting him in October 1964. Echoing them, scholars have ridiculed it as an "irrational obsession," blaming the failure on climatic conditions. Corn Crusade brings a more complex and revealing history to light. Borrowing technologies from the United States, Khrushchev expected farms in the Soviet Union to increase productivity because he believed that innovations developed under capitalism promised greater returns under socialism. These technologies generated results in many economic, social, and climatic contexts after World War II but fell short in the Soviet Union. Attempting to make agriculture more productive and ameliorate exploitative labor practices established in the 1930s, Khrushchev achieved only partial reform of rural economic life. Enjoying authority over formal policy, Khrushchev stood atop an undisciplined hierarchy of bureaucracies, local authorities, and farmworkers. Weighing competing incentives, they flouted his authority by doing enough to avoid penalties, but too little to produce even modest harvests of corn, let alone the bumper crops the leader envisioned.

Corn Crusade

Corn Crusade PDF Author: Aaron T. Hale-Dorrell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190644699
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 264

Book Description
Corn Crusade: Khrushchev's Farming Revolution in the Post-Stalin Soviet Union is the first history of Nikita Khrushchev's venture to cover the Soviet Union in corn, a crop common globally but hitherto rare in his country. Lasting from 1953 until 1964, this crusade was an emblematic component of his efforts to resolve agrarian crises inherited from Joseph Stalin. Using policies and propaganda to pressure farms to expand corn plantings tenfold, Khrushchev expected the resulting bounty to feed not people, but the livestock necessary to produce the meat and dairy products required to make good on his frequent pledges that the Soviet Union was soon to "catch up to and surpass America." This promised to enrich citizens' hitherto monotonous diets and score a victory in the Cold War, which was partly recast as a "peaceful competition" between communism and capitalism. Khrushchev's former comrades derided corn as one of his "harebrained schemes" when ousting him in October 1964. Echoing them, scholars have ridiculed it as an "irrational obsession," blaming the failure on climatic conditions. Corn Crusade brings a more complex and revealing history to light. Borrowing technologies from the United States, Khrushchev expected farms in the Soviet Union to increase productivity because he believed that innovations developed under capitalism promised greater returns under socialism. These technologies generated results in many economic, social, and climatic contexts after World War II but fell short in the Soviet Union. Attempting to make agriculture more productive and ameliorate exploitative labor practices established in the 1930s, Khrushchev achieved only partial reform of rural economic life. Enjoying authority over formal policy, Khrushchev stood atop an undisciplined hierarchy of bureaucracies, local authorities, and farmworkers. Weighing competing incentives, they flouted his authority by doing enough to avoid penalties, but too little to produce even modest harvests of corn, let alone the bumper crops the leader envisioned.

Consular Reports

Consular Reports PDF Author: United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Consular reports
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Serial set (no.0-3099)

Serial set (no.0-3099) PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Reports from the Consuls of the United States

Reports from the Consuls of the United States PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Consular reports
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


Chronicles of the Crusades, contemporary narratives of the crusade of Richard cœur de lion, by Richard of Devizes and Geoffrey de Vinsauf, and of the crusade of saint Louis, by lord J. de Joinville [ed. by H.G. Bohn, signing himself H.G.B.].

Chronicles of the Crusades, contemporary narratives of the crusade of Richard cœur de lion, by Richard of Devizes and Geoffrey de Vinsauf, and of the crusade of saint Louis, by lord J. de Joinville [ed. by H.G. Bohn, signing himself H.G.B.]. PDF Author: Richard (of Devizes.)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


The Crusades

The Crusades PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 192

Book Description


Crusades

Crusades PDF Author: Benjamin Z. Kedar
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351985272
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 352

Book Description
Crusades covers seven hundred years from the First Crusade (1095-1102) to the fall of Malta (1798) and draws together scholars working on theatres of war, their home fronts and settlements from the Baltic to Africa and from Spain to the Near East and on theology, law, literature, art, numismatics and economic, social, political and military history. Routledge publishes this journal for The Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East. Particular attention is given to the publication of historical sources in all relevant languages - narrative, homiletic and documentary - in trustworthy editions, but studies and interpretative essays are welcomed too. Crusades appears in both print and online editions.

Understanding Coexistence with Wildlife

Understanding Coexistence with Wildlife PDF Author: Simon Pooley
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889746372
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description


The Barons' Crusade

The Barons' Crusade PDF Author: Michael Lower
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812202678
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 272

Book Description
In December 1235, Pope Gregory IX altered the mission of a crusade he had begun to preach the year before. Instead of calling for Christian magnates to go on to fight the infidel in Jerusalem, he now urged them to combat the spread of Christian heresy in Latin Greece and to defend the Latin empire of Constantinople. The Barons' Crusade, as it was named by a fourteenth-century chronicler impressed by the great number of barons who participated, would last until 1241 and would represent in many ways the high point of papal efforts to make crusading a universal Christian undertaking. This book, the first full-length treatment of the Barons' Crusade, examines the call for holy war and its consequences in Hungary, France, England, Constantinople, and the Holy Land. In the end, Michael Lower reveals, the pope's call for unified action resulted in a range of locally determined initiatives and accommodations. In some places in Europe, the crusade unleashed violence against Jews that the pope had not sought; in others, it unleashed no violence at all. In the Levant, it even ended in peaceful negotiation between Christian and Muslim forces. Virtually everywhere, but in different ways, it altered the relations between Christians and non-Christians. By emphasizing comparative local history, The Barons' Crusade: A Call to Arms and Its Consequences brings into question the idea that crusading embodies the religious unity of medieval society and demonstrates how thoroughly crusading had been affected by the new strategic and political demands of the papacy.

The Parliamentary Debates

The Parliamentary Debates PDF Author: Great Britain. Parliament
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Great Britain
Languages : en
Pages :

Book Description