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Clinical Trials of Drugs and Biopharmaceuticals

Clinical Trials of Drugs and Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author: Chi-Jen Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420039148
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 520

Book Description
The pharmaceutical industry is on the verge of an exciting and challenging century. Advances in pharmaceutical sciences have dramatically changed the processes of discovery and development of new therapeutic drugs and, in turn, resulted in an extraordinary increase in the potential prophylactic and therapeutic interventions. In this atmosphere, an

Clinical Trials of Drugs and Biopharmaceuticals

Clinical Trials of Drugs and Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author: Chi-Jen Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420039148
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 520

Book Description
The pharmaceutical industry is on the verge of an exciting and challenging century. Advances in pharmaceutical sciences have dramatically changed the processes of discovery and development of new therapeutic drugs and, in turn, resulted in an extraordinary increase in the potential prophylactic and therapeutic interventions. In this atmosphere, an

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author:
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118659988
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 744

Book Description
Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals: Transforming Proteins and Genes into Drugs, Second Edition addresses the pivotal issues relating to translational science, including preclinical and clinical drug development, regulatory science, pharmaco-economics and cost-effectiveness considerations. The new edition also provides an update on new proteins and genetic medicines, the translational and integrated sciences that continue to fuel the innovations in medicine, as well as the new areas of therapeutic development including cancer vaccines, stem cell therapeutics, and cell-based therapies.

Preclinical Safety Evaluation of Biopharmaceuticals

Preclinical Safety Evaluation of Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author: Joy A. Cavagnaro
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118679385
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1064

Book Description
"The goal is to provide a comprehensive reference book for thepreclinicaldiscovery and development scientist whoseresponsibilities span target identification, lead candidateselection, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology, and toxicology, and forregulatory scientists whose responsibilities include the evaluationof novel therapies." —From the Afterword by Anthony D. Dayan Proper preclinical safety evaluation can improve the predictivevalue, lessen the time and cost of launching newbiopharmaceuticals, and speed potentially lifesaving drugs tomarket. This guide covers topics ranging from lead candidateselection to establishing proof of concept and toxicity testing tothe selection of the first human doses. With chapters contributedby experts in their specific areas, Preclinical SafetyEvaluation of Biopharmaceuticals: A Science-Based Approach toFacilitating Clinical Trials: Includes an overview of biopharmaceuticals with information onregulation and methods of production Discusses the principles of ICH S6 and their implementation inthe U.S., Europe, and Japan Covers current practices in preclinical development andincludes a comparison of safety assessments for small moleculeswith those for biopharmaceuticals Addresses all aspects of the preclinical evaluation process,including: the selection of relevant species; safety/toxicityendpoints; specific considerations based upon class; and practicalconsiderations in the design, implementation, and analysis ofbiopharmaceuticals Covers transitioning from preclinical development to clinicaltrials This is a hands-on, straightforward reference for professionalsinvolved in preclinical drug development, including scientists,toxicologists, project managers, consultants, and regulatorypersonnel.

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development PDF Author: James Samanen
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128061979
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 472

Book Description
Successful drugs have a good return on investment by bringing in considerably more revenue than the expenses of discovery, development, and manufacturing. Successful drugs pay for all drug projects, those that fail and those that have yet to fail or succeed. Most research and development (R&D) projects fail. Since R&D is the future of the company, a lot is at stake in the business of R&D. This chapter considers the organization of biopharmaceutical R&D, as well as various organizational experiments, that are already under way, that deal with the enormous risk and cost of biopharmaceutical R&D. There is a fairly uniform sequence of events involved in the discovery and development of biopharmaceuticals. The Stage-Gate Organization of the project pipeline is described along with stage-related goals. The high attrition in the industry is examined as well as reasons for project failure, particularly in the clinic. The fact that most projects fail in the biopharmaceutical industry means that risk, the probability that a project will fail, influences a number of key behaviours in biopharmaceutical R&D. The manner in which risk influences probability of success, cost, value and corporate commitment is considered. Not all discoveries occur within a company – many are in-licenced. Reduced revenues challenge a company's ability to develop all its assets, increasing the demands on project and portfolio management, and for out-licencing or partnering. In large biopharmaceutical companies, resource tends to be organized into business units, therapy areas, line departments, and platform technology groups. In the new era of reduced profits many companies are moving away from vertical integration towards decentralization, performing many to most functions in other companies, and in the extreme, towards virtual drug discovery and development. The risks and benefits with the external allocation of resource via outsourcing and partnering are discussed. Experiments with the organizational model of biopharmaceutical R&D are explored which aim to reduce risk, increase success and efficiency, including attempts to be big and small at the same time, planning for failure, and open innovation. There are also external revenue challenges, including generics competition and third-party payer constraints. On the upside are a number of opportunities to increase revenue, including new biologics and new areas of exploration – epigenetics and gene therapy – and by expanding markets into rapidly developing countries. Managers face complex challenges to the business of biopharmaceutical R&D. But, regardless of the type of company or set of partnered companies, academic institutions and service organizations that perform biopharmaceutical R&D, to a large extent the sequence of events in which a drug is discovered and developed will always be the same. And as long as the industry can continue to find new therapies that positively impact the lives of patients, it will continue to be an exciting and challenging industry.

Pharmaceutical Innovation After World War II: From Rational Drug Discovery to Biopharmaceuticals

Pharmaceutical Innovation After World War II: From Rational Drug Discovery to Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author: Apostolos Zarros
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889632237
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 137

Book Description


Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development PDF Author: James Samanen
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128061952
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 472

Book Description
Biotechnology has given rise to a broad range of biotherapies or biologics, including biomolecular drugs, vaccines, cell or gene therapies. This chapter focuses on biomolecular drugs, namely monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), cytokines, tissue growth factors and therapeutic proteins. Prior to the US approval of recombinant human insulin in 1982, biomolecular drugs were extracted from natural sources. The tools of molecular biology have dramatically increased the discovery and development of new biopharmaceuticals. The most obvious difference between small-molecule drugs (SMDs) and biomolecular drugs is size, like the difference in weight between a bicycle and a business jet. SMDs and biomolecular drugs are compared in this chapter by structure, molecular weight, preparation, physicochemical properties, and route of administration, as well as distribution, metabolism, serum half-life, dosing regimen, species reactivity, antigenicity & hypersensitivity, clearance mechanisms, drug–drug interactions, and pharmacology. This chapter reviews the differences and similarities in the various stages of drug discovery and development, with respect to cost, probability of success and cycle time. The clinical metrics of overall clinical success rate, stage-related success rate, and clinical cycle time are examined for SMDs and biomolecular drugs. The hybrid class of peptide drugs tends to be equated with biologics, due to their amino acid content and because oral activity is rare. But peptides truly bridge the gap between small molecules and biologics, in terms of physical properties, range of therapy areas and means of production. This chapter summarizes the similarities and differences of peptide drugs with SMDs and biomolecular drugs. The manner in which these agents compare as products with respect to manufacturing and pricing are considered. Two case studies are presented—the antagonists where small-molecule, peptide and Mab agents have competed in the market, and Her2 inhibitors where small-molecule and Mab agents may ultimately synergize as a combination product. Biomolecular drugs have levelled the playing field. All the “big Pharma” companies now have the capacity to develop both types of drugs. Conversely the larger biotech companies are developing the capacity for small-molecule synthesis. Now, with many blockbuster biologics nearing patent expiration, biosimilars are on the way. It's no longer a question of “choose which type”—one will need to know how to discover and develop either type of drug.

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development PDF Author: C. Robin Ganellin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123977703
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 472

Book Description
Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development provides, for the first time, an introduction to the science behind successful pharmaceutical research and development programs. The book explains basic principles, then compares and contrasts approaches to both biopharmaceuticals (proteins) and small molecule drugs, presenting an overview of the business and management issues of these approaches. The latter part of the book provides carefully selected real-life case studies illustrating how the theory presented in the first part of the book is actually put into practice. Studies include Herceptin/T-DM1, erythropoietin (Epogen/Eprex/NeoRecormon), anti-HIV protease inhibitor Darunavir, and more. Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development is intended for late-stage undergraduates or postgraduates studying chemistry (at the biology interface), biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy, medicine, or allied subjects. The book is also useful in a wide variety of science degree courses, in post-graduate taught material (Masters and PhD), and as basic background reading for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry. For the first time, the fundamental scientific principles of biopharmaceuticals and small molecule chemotherapeutics are discussed side-by-side at a basic level Edited by three senior scientists with over 100 years of experience in drug research who have compiled the best scientific comparison of small molecule and biopharmaceuticals approaches to new drugs Illustrated with key examples of important drugs that exemplify the basic principles of pharmaceutical drug research and development

New Drug Development

New Drug Development PDF Author: J. Rick Turner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047007373X
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 270

Book Description
This book acquaints students and practitioners in the related fields of pharmaceutical sciences, clinical trials, and evidence-based medicine with the necessary study design concepts and statistical practices to allow them to understand how drug developers plan and evaluate their drug development. Two goals of the book are to make the material accessible to readers with minimal background in research and to be straightforward enough for self-taught purposes. By bringing the topic from the early discovery phase to clinical trials and medical practice, the book provides an indispensable overview of an otherwise confusing and fragmented set of topics. The author’s experience as a respected scientist, teacher of statistics, and one who has worked in the clinical trials arena makes him well suited to write such a treatise.

Biopharmaceuticals

Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author: Monica K. Gill
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1622755820
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 184

Book Description
Biopharmaceuticals represent an exciting frontier in the application of biotechnology and a rapidly developing sector of the pharmaceutical industry. Biopharmaceuticals are distinct from synthetic drugs in that they are derived from biological sources and manufactured using biotechnology. Biopharmaceutical research has already led to the development of therapies for various life-threatening illnesses, including skin cancer and leukemia, among others, and has the potential to yield new breakthroughs for many more. This introductory volume examines the history of biopharmaceuticals, the ins and outs of the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industries, and the future of the field.

The Challenge of CMC Regulatory Compliance for Biopharmaceuticals

The Challenge of CMC Regulatory Compliance for Biopharmaceuticals PDF Author: John Geigert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461469163
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 338

Book Description
This book highlights the challenges facing quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) in today's biopharmaceutical environment and presents the strategic importance and value generated by QA/QC for their involvement in control of manufacturing. It will put into perspective the need for a graded approach to QA/QC from early clinical trials through market approval. Since the first edition published in 2004, there have been more than 50 new regulatory guidances released by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA) and ICH that affect the CMC regulatory compliance of biopharmaceuticals; also the application of biosimilars has been developed in Europe and is under development in the USA. The revised update will be broadened to include not only biopharmaceuticals (biotech drugs) but also other biologics (vaccines, cell therapy, plasma-derived proteins, etc.)